Warriors of Faith

Sri Mata Ajeet Kaur ji ( Mata Jeeto Ji)

(Note----As a child, in diwans, samagams and Katha vichars, I used to hear from Kathavachiks and Granthi Singhs that Mata Ajeet Kaur ji (Mata Jeeto ji) blessed Khande Baate da Amrit with Sweetness, when she put patase in it. But from last 15 years or so, things changed and the history was changed (knowingly or unknowingly) that Sri Mata Sahib Kaur ji was the one who put patase in Amrit da Baata and today everywhere I hear this thing, with Mataji’s name virtually wiped out from Amrit Sanchar process. This deeply disturbed me, as this trend of changing history and historical facts to suit our own modern day version of Sikhi is very dangerous and we Sikhs will have to face serious repercussions of this in coming future. To put the record straight, Daas has delved into Puratan Granths and am presenting before Sangat what we have in Puratan Granths regarding this certain historical incident. For some this might be a waste of time or people might question the need of writing this, but when we look at facts, we will understand value and importance of each and every historical incident, big or small. Who did what? Why? How? When? All these questions are an important part of history and make it. Any mixing up or twisting of facts can be dangerous for a nation or community to preserve purity of its traditions and history. With Mata Jeeto ji’s name removed from Amrit Sanchar, many people and organizations, working with ulterior motives have denied the existence of Mata ji as a separate individual. They say that Mata Jeeto ji and Mata Sundari ji were one historical figure, with two names. What can be more sad and painful than this that Sri Mata Ajeet Kaur ji’s very existence has been challenged? I hope working on these points; readers will understand the importance of this short note.)
(There are many other historical facts and incidents which have been changed and are being changed to suit ‘modern day’ Sikhi, which will be shared with Sangat at regular intervals. Benti to Sangat is , be aware of your history and stand guard on your precious history as there is nothing precious and important for a Sikh than the lifes and Kautaks of our Gurus and Mahapurakhs.)

Mata Ajeet Kaur ji ( Mata Jeeto Ji)--Mother of Khalsa Panth

Mahaan Kosh reference about Mata Jeeto ji -
ਜੀਤੋ ਮਾਤਾ -
ਲਾਹੌਰ ਨਿਵਾਸੀ ਹਰਿਜਸ ਸੁਭਿਖੀਏ ਖਤ੍ਰੀ ਦੀ ਸੁਪੁਤ੍ਰੀ, ਜਿਸ ਦਾ ਵਿਆਹ ੨੩ ਹਾੜ੍ਹ ਸੰਮਤ ੧੭੩੪ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਨਾਲ ਆਨੰਦਪੁਰ ਪਾਸ ਗੁਰੂ ਕੇ ਲਹੌਰ ਹੋਇਆ. ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀ ਦੀ ਕੁੱਖ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਬਾ ਜੁਝਾਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ, ਬਾਬਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਬਾਬਾ ਫ਼ਤੇਹ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਜਨਮੇ. ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀ ਦਾ ਪਰਲੋਕਗਮਨ ੧੩. ਅੱਸੂ, ਸੰਮਤ ੧੭੫੭ ਨੂੰ ਆਨੰਦਪੁਰ ਹੋਇਆ. ਆਪ ਦਾ ਦੇਹਰਾ ਅਗੰਮਪੁਰ ਵਿਦ੍ਯਮਾਨ ਹੈ. ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀ ਦਾ ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਨਾਮ ਅਜੀਤੋ ਅਤੇ ਅਮ੍ਰਿਤਸੰਸਕਾਰ ਪਿੱਛੋਂ ਅਜੀਤ ਕੌਰਿ ਨਾਮ ਸੀ

Sri Maata Jeeto ji was eldest wife of Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj. Maharaj was engaged to Mataji when he was 8, by Guru Teg Bahadur ji. They got married at the age of 12 at Guru Ka Lahore near Sri Anandpur Sahib in 1677. Mata Jeeto ji was blessed soul, to get the title of eldest wife of Maharaj, always immersed in Sewa and Simran. Mata ji was very fond of gardening, and on Mataji’s wish, beautiful gardens were created all around Sri Anandpur Sahib where different flowers were grown. The Nursery of flowers was looked after by Mata ji herself, where different varieties of plants and flowers were brought from far away states and countries. While Satguru ji ordered Singhs to bring Shastars and Horses, Mataji asked Sangat to bring good plants, flowers and keep Anandpur Sahib clean.(Ref-Bhai Vir Singh,Kalgidhar Chamatkaar)

               Such was Mataji’s Love for her Guru-Pati-Parmeshwar that she never had food without having Darshan of Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj. Waking up at Amrit Vela, Mata ji would make a beautiful Garland of flowers of different colours and fragrances and sit outside the room where Guru Gobind Singh ji sat in Samadhi, in his Nij-saroop. As Satguru ji used to open the door and come out, Mataji would first touch holy feet of Satguru ji, then have Darshan of beautiful, divine Face of her beloved Husband and put the garland of flowers around Maharaj’s neck. After that both Satguru ji and Mataji would go to Darbar and bless the Sangat.

                As the Hukam of Akaal Purakh Waheguru prevailed, Maharaj had to marry Mata Sundari ji in 1685 at Paunta Sahib on Hukam of Mata Naanki ji ( Guruji;s Grandmother), from whom they had their first and eldest Sahibzada, Baba Ajeet Singh ji. All other younger Sahibzadey, Baba Jhujar Singh ji, Baba Zorawar Singh ji and Baba Fateh Singh ji were born to Mata Jeeto ji.
( It is said that First Sahibzada was destined to be born to Mata Sundari ji, and that was the reason for Maharaj having a second marriage with Mata Sundari ji.)

Mata Jeeto ji was taught Swas-Swas Waheguru Simran Abhyaas by Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj himself, which led to Mataji attaining BrahmGian at very early Age
( Ref- Sooraj parkash Granth).

From the very beginning she knew about the future as it would be, about the Shaheediya of Sahibzadey, destruction of Anandpur Sahib by enemies, Mataji’s Shaheedi, Guruji’s travels and all other incidents. When Sache Patshah ji created Khalsa Panth, Mata Jeeto ji brought Patase (Sugar crystal balls) and put them in Amrit da Baata, thus mixing sweetness in Amrit. Maharaj was pleased and thus blessed Mataji with title of Mother of Khalsa Panth.

                   Mata Jeeto ji went to Sachkhand on 5th December 1700, and her last rites were performed by Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj himself  at the place where Gurudwara Agamgarh Mata Jeeto Ji stands in Anandpur Sahib today. Before Mataji went to sachkhand, she placed her youngest son Baba Fateh Singh ji, who was just 2 years 17 day old in Mata Gujar Kaur ji’s lap and asked Mataji to take care of her sons, and make them so firm in Sikhi that when the time of sacrifice comes, they attain Shaheedi for dharma and Panth, making their forefathers proud of them.

Today, As Khalsa Panth stands at crucial juncture of history, we, the Sikhs have forgotten our Mother, who blessed us, gave us humility and sweetness, whose three sons attained Shaheedi for us.

Kotaaaan Kot Parnaam to Mother of Khalsa Panth – Dhan Dhan Mata Ajeet Kaur ji.

Baba Raam Koer ji was grandson of Baba Buddha ji and son of Baba Hardas ji. When Dasmesh Pita ji ascended to Guru Gaddi after Shaheedi of Guru Teg Bahadur ji, Baba Raam Koer ji gave Tilak of Gurgaddi to Guru Gobind Rai ji. At the time of Amrit Sanchar, Baba Raam Koer ji was present in Darbar. After choosing Panj Piare, Guruji started preparing Amrit with Khanda. Baba Raam Koer ji went to Mata Jeeto ji and narrated whole ‘Kautak’ (Miracle) of Maharaj to Mata ji and also said that Maharaj is preparing Amrit in Bir Ras. Hearing Babaji’s words, Mataji got up, took some Patase and went to Darbar where Satguru ji was preparing Amrit. Mataji went in front of Maharaj, bowed her Head and mixed those Patase in Amrit, to which Maharaj smiled and blessed Mataji to be Mother of Khalsa Panth. After putting Patase in Baata of Amrit, Mataji sat on left side of Maharaj till the Amrit was prepared and given to Panj Piare. Baba Raam Koer ji also took Amrit that day and was renamed Baba Gurbaksh Singh ji. Baba Gurbaksh Singh ji later narrated this incident to Bhai Sahib Singh ji, who compiled Sau Saakhi (Hundred stories of Tenth master). Mahakavi Bhai Santokh Singh ji wrote this ‘Kautak’ of Maharaj in Gurpartap Sooraj Granth.
 Kavi ji writes-

ਬਹੁਰ ਪਢਤਿ ਪੇਰਤ ਸੁ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨਾ
ਭਾ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਸੋ ਤੇਜ ਨਿਦਾਨਾ      
ਰ੍ਰਾਮਕੁਇਰ ਕਹਿ ਸੰਤਹੁ ਸੁਨੀਅਹਿ
ਬਾਲ ਬੈਸ ਮੇਰੋ ਤਨ ਜਨੀਅਹਿ॥
Then reading Baani and moving Kirpan in Baata of Amrit
Divine Power started coming out of Amrit
Said RamKoer, Listen O Saints!
As it happened in my presence

ਧਾਇ ਗਯੋ ਮੈ ਮਾਤਾ ਪਾਸ
ਜਹਿ ਬੈਠੀ ਜੀਤੋ ਸੁਖਰਾਸਿ
ਤਹਾਂ ਬੈਠ ਮੈ ਸਕਲ ਸੁਨਾਈ
ਇਸ ਬਿਧਿ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਗੁਰੁ ਬਨਾਈ।21।
I went running to Mataji
Where was sitting Mata Jeeto, Treasure of Joy,
Sitting there, I told her whole story
The way Guruji was preparing Amrit.

ਚਟਕ ਆਪ ਮਹਿ ਲਰ ਕਰਿ ਮਰੇ
ਦੀਰਘ ਤੇਜ ਤਾਸ ਮਹਿ ਧਰੇ
ਜਲ ਮਹਿ ਪਢਿਤ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨ ਫਿਰੈ ਹੈ
ਪਾਹੁਲ ਖੰਡੇ ਕੀ ਅਬ ਦੈ ਹੈਂ॥
Male sparrows died fighting each other (after taking drops from Baata)
As endless Power had entered their bodies
Now Guruji is reading Baani, rotating his Kirpan in Water
And he was going to give Khande di Pahul to all

ਜੀਤੋ ਸ਼ੁਭ ਮਤਿ ਕੀਨਿ ਬਿਚਾਰਨਿ
ਪੰਥ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਸੁਤ ਇਹ ਕਾਰ
ਪਹੁੰਚਨਿ ਬਨੈ ਕੰਤ ਕੈ ਪਾਸੇ
ਇਮ ਬੀਚਾਰ ਬਹੁ ਲੀਨਿ ਪਤਾਸੇ॥
Mata Jeeto thought in her blessed mind with pure intellect
Khalsa Panth, My Son is being created
I shall be there with my husband
Thinking this, she picked up sugar balls (patase)

ਘਰ ਤੇ ਚਲਿ ਆਈ ਤਤਕਾਲਾ
ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਜਹਾਂ ਬਨਾਇ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਲਾ
ਪਤਿ ਕੋ ਰੁਖ ਲਖਿ ਜਲ ਮਹਿ ਪਾਏ
ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਅਵਿਲੋਕ ਅਲਾਏ॥
She hastily came from house
To the place where Guruji was preparing Amrit
Looking at Her Husband’s face, she put them (Patase) in Water
To which, Satguru ji smilingly said.

‘ਭਲੋ ਭਯੋ ਤੂੰ ਚਲਿ ਕਰਿ ਆਈ
ਨੀਰ ਬਿਖੈ ਪਾਈ ਮਧੁਰਾਈ
ਨਾਤੁਰ ਪੰਥ ਹੋਤ ਬਡ ਕ੍ਰੂਰਾ
ਤੇਜ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਕਲਹਾ ਕਰਿ ਪੂਰਾ॥
It is a blessing you have come here
And put sweeteners in water
Otherwise Panth would have been ruthless
Full of Anger and destructive powers

ਅਪਨਿ ਬਿਗਾਨਾ ਸਮਝਤ ਨਾਹੀ
ਕਰਤਿ ਜੰਗ ਦਿਨ ਰੈਨ ਬਿਤਾਹੀ
ਮਿਲਿ ਆਪਸ ਮਹਿ ਮੋਹ ਨ ਕਰਹੀ
ਰਿਸ ਮੋ ਭਰੇ ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਪਰਹਰਿਹੀਂ॥
They wouldn’t have cared for own and others
And would have kept fighting, day and night
Wouldn’t have sat with each other, with respect
And would have used weapons at all times

ਅਬਿ ਮਿਸ਼ਟਾਨ ਜੁ ਪਾਯਹੁ ਤੋਹੀ
ਯਾਂ ਤੇ ਪਯਾਰ ਪਰਸਪਰ ਹੋਹੀ
ਨਰ ਨਾਰੀ ਦਵੈ ਤੇ ਸੰਤਾਨਾ
ਪ੍ਰਗਟਤਿ ਹੈ ਸਭਿਹੂੰ ਜਗ ਜਾਨਾ॥
But now you have put sweeteners in Amrit
Therefore, they’ll love and respect each other
A child is always created by Man and Woman
Whole world knows this concept

ਹੋਨਿ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਸੰਤਤਿ ਕਾਲਾ
ਚਲਿ ਆਈ ਭਾ ਭਲੋ ਬਿਸਾਲਾ
ਇਮ ਕਹਿ ਅਪਨੇ ਪੰਚਹੁ ਪਯਾਰੇ
ਦੇਖਨਿ ਕਰੇ ਖਰੇ ਅਗਵਾਰੇ॥
Today, at the time of Birth of Khalsa
You came as Mother of Khalsa
Saying this, Guruji asked Panj Piare
To come forward, so that Mother could see her sons.

This was eyewitness account of Baba Gurbaksh Singh ji ( Raam Koer ji) which has been recorded by Mahakavi Bhai Santokh Singh ji in Sri Sooraj Parkash Granth, which was completed in 1843. This account clearly states that it was Sri Maata Jeeto ji, Eldest wife of Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj who blessed Amrit with Patase and Khalsa Panth with humility and love.

In 1880, Giani Gian Singh ji wrote Tawarikh Guru Khalsa, which was written as narrative and is possibly the first account which is in that form, with all earlier texts being poetic in composition. Giani ji writes -

ਗੁਰੁ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਸਰਬ ਲੋਹ ਦੇ ਬਾਟੇ ਵਿਚ ਸਤਲੁਜ ਦਾ ਜਲ ਪਾਕੇ ਉਹਨਾਂ ਪੰਜ ਪਿਆਰਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਕੱਛ, ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾਨਾਦਿਕ ਸਫੈਦ ਬਸਤਰ ਧਾਰਨ ਕਰਾ,ਅਪਨੇ ਸਨਮੁਖ ਖੜਾ ਕਰ, ਹੁਕਮ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਕਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਦਾ ਜਾਪ ਤੇ ਅਕਾਲ ਪੁਰਖ ਦਾ ਧਿਆਨ ਕਰਦੇ ਰਹੋ ਤੇ ਆਪ ਉਸ ਬਾਟੇ ਵਿਚ ਸਿੱਧੀ ਧਾਰ ਖੰਡਾ ਫੇਰਦੇ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਤਿਆਰ ਕਰਨ ਲੱਗੇ।ਜਪੁਜੀ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦਾ ਪਾਠ ਅਜੇ ਸਮਾਪਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ ਹੋਇਆ ਜੋ ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀਤੋ ਜੀ, ਗੁਰੁ ਕੀ ਜੇਸ਼ਟਾ ਪਤਨੀ (ਭਾਈ ਰਾਮ ਕੌਰ ਜੀ ਦੀ ਪ੍ਰੇਰੀ ਹੋਈ ) ਪਤਾਸੇ ਲੈ ਆ ਪਹੁੰਚੀ ਤੇ ਉਸ ਬਾਟੇ ਵਿਚ ਪਤਾਸੇ ਪਾਕੇ, ਗੁਰੁ ਜੀ ਦੇ ਖੱਬੇ ਪਾਸੇ ਬੈਠ ਗਈ॥
Guru Gobind Singh put water of river Satluj in Sarabloh Baata, and got Panj Piare dressed in White Baana(clothes),Kach, Kirpaan etc. He made them stand in front of him and ordered them to concentrate on Sri Akaal Purakh Waheguru and recite holy Name of Waheguru. He himself started preparing Amrit by rotating Khanda in Iron Bowl in straight-edged position. Japji sahib was still not finished when Mata Jeeto ji, Guruji’s eldest wife, inspired by Baba Raam Koer ji, reached there with Patase(sugar balls), and putting Patase in Baata of Amrit, sat on left side of Guruji.

Gianiji writes next-

ਗੁਰੁ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਅਨੰਦ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦਾ ਪਾਠ ਕਰਕੇ ਅਰਦਾਸ ਕਰਕੇ ਆਖਿਆ ਕਿ ਤੁਸਾਂ ਬੜਾ ਚੰਗਾ ਧਰਮ ਮਰਯਾਦਾ ਦਾ ਕੰਮ ਕੀਤਾ ਜੋ ਪੰਥ ਰਚਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਨਾਲ ਆ ਮਿਲ ਗਏ, ਅਜੇਹੇ ਉੱਤਮ ਕਾਰਜ ਵਿਚ ਦੇ ਅਨੁਸ਼ਠਾਨ ਸਿੱਧ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਸਾਡੇ ਨਾਲ ਹੋਨਾ ਅਵਸ਼ਕ ਸੀ, ਕਿਉਕੀ ਈਸ਼ਵਰ ਭੀ ਮਾਯਾ ਦੁਵਾਰਾ ਸ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟੀ ਰਚਦਾ ਹੈ ਤਿਉਂ ਅਸਾ ਭੀ ਅਕਾਲ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਦੇ ਹੁਕਮ ਨਾਲ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਪੰਥ ਸ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟੀ ਰਚਨ ਦਾ ਉਦਮ ਕੀਤਾ ਹੈ॥
After completing Anand Sahib path and doing Ardas, Guru said to Mataji ‘’you have done a great deed of Dharam and Maryada that you have joined me in this process of Creating Khalsa Panth. To complete this great historic ceremony, your presence here with me was of utmost importance, Just like Waheguru creates Universe with his Shakti, Maya. We have created this Khalsa Panth in will of Waheguru.
( Like Waheguru creates Universe with his Shakti, We have created this Khalsa Panth, with you as form of Shakti).

So according to Sau Saakhi ( 1720’s), Sooraj Parkash( 1843) and Tawarikh Guru Khalsa(1880), Sri Maata Jeeto ji was the one who blessed Khalsa Panth with sweetness in form of Patase and was blessed with title of Mother of Khalsa Panth.

Posted by Kamaljeet Singh Shaheedsar on Sunday, May 15. 2011 in History

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