Warriors of Faith

Did Guru Gobind Singh worship Devi?

One thing which needs to be cleared up is that fact that our Guru is Satguru Guru Granth Sahib ji. Sikhi Panth was started by Aad Guru Nanak Dev Sahib ji and all other Gurus preached and propagated words of Satguru Nanak. Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj, being tenth Master of Sikhs and Nanak Saroop said and did what Guru Nanak Dev ji said in His Baani. There is no way there can be a difference in Ideology of Ten Gurus as they are One Light, One Jot. Guru Granth Sahib ji Maharaj is Our Haazar Naazar Satguru and Dasam Granth Sahib is Baani of Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj. Anything written in ANY Historical Granth attributed to Gurus, which goes against principles of Ten Gurus and Guru Granth Sahib ji cannot be taken at Face value and should be seen as an attempt to pollute Pure Gursikhi Maarag of Guru Nanak Dev ji Maharaj. If there are certain incidents and words which have been ascribed to Gurus but are against Sikhi principles enshrined in Guru Granth Sahib ji, then those incidents and words need either deep vichaar in vidwaans or need to be ignored as ‘mix-up’ by Anti-Gursikhi forces. This is the only way Purity and Sanctity of Puratan Maryada can be preserved. Neo-Vidwaans (Nangs who preach Worship of Hindu Gods and Goddesses) and Detractors of  Puratan Maryada (missionaries etc.) need to do vichaar on contentious topics in light of Baani of Guru Granth Sahib Ji and Dasam Patshah Maharaj.

Question :-Did Guru ji take blessings of Goddess Durga to create Khalsa Panth?

Answer  :- No
Reason -  Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj was sent on this Planet by Akaal Purakh Waheguru Himself to create Khalsa Panth , The Path of Pure (or Brotherhood of Pure).
When Akaal Purakh blessed Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj with title of His Son and sent him to this Maat Lok ( Earth), Waheguru ji said –

ਚੌਪਈ ॥
ਮੈ ਅਪਨਾ ਸੁਤ ਤੋਹਿ ਨਿਵਾਜਾ ॥ ਪੰਥ ਪ੍ਰਚੁਰ ਕਰਬੇ ਕਹੁ ਸਾਜਾ ॥
ਜਾਹਿ ਤਹਾਂ ਤੈ ਧਰਮੁ ਚਲਾਇ ॥ ਕਬੁਧਿ ਕਰਨ ਤੇ ਲੋਕ ਹਟਾਇ ॥ 29॥

Following Akal Purakh’s command, Guru Gobind Singh ji bowed before Waheguru and said - 

ਠਾਢ ਭਯੋ ਮੈ ਜੋਰਿ ਕਰ ਬਚਨ ਕਹਾ ਸਿਰ ਨਿਆਇ ॥
ਪੰਥ ਚਲੈ ਤਬ ਜਗਤ ਮੈ ਜਬ ਤੁਮ ਕਰਹੁ ਸਹਾਇ ॥ 30॥

So the Hukam and Blessings for creating Khalsa Panth was already given by Akaal Purakh Waheguru, therefore there was no need for Maharaj to ask for any boon from anyone else. That is the reason Maharaj gave us the slogan

‘’Waheguru ji ka Khalsa , Waheguru ji ki Fateh ‘’ and not ‘Durga ji ka Khalsa’’!

Question :- Did Guru Gobind Singh ji ever worship Durga Devi or any other Hindu God/Goddess?

Answer:- No.
Reason :-  Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj, in his pavittar Baani of Sri Dasam Guru Granth Sahib has time and again explained and declared that –

ਦੋਹਿਰਾ ॥
ਸਗਲ ਦੁਆਰ ਕੋ ਛਾਡਿ ਕੈ ਗਹਿਓ ਤੁਹਾਰੋ ਦੁਆਰ ॥
ਬਾਂਹਿ ਗਹੈ ਕੀ ਲਾਜ ਅਸ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਦਾਸ ਤੁਹਾਰ ॥

ਤੁਮਹਿ ਛਾਡਿ ਕੋਈ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਧਿਯਾਊਂ ॥ਜੋ ਬਰ ਚਹੋਂ ਸੁ ਤੁਮ ਤੇ ਪਾਊਂ ॥
May I not forsake You and may I not meditate on anyone else except You. May I obtain from You, whatever gifts I want. (Chaupai Sahib)

ਮੈ ਹੋ ਪਰਮ ਪੁਰਖ ਕੋ ਦਾਸਾ ॥ ਦੇਖਨ ਆਯੋ ਜਗਤ ਤਮਾਸਾ ॥
ਜੋ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਜਗਤਿ ਕਹਾ ਸੋ ਕਹਿਹੋਂ ॥ ਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਲੋਕ ਤੇ ਮੋਨ ਨ ਰਹਿਹੋਂ ॥ 33॥
Whatever I heard from the Lord of the world, I speak the same words.
I shall not suppress the divine truth for fear of mortal men.(33)

ਨਰਾਜ ਛੰਦ ॥
ਕਹਿਓ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਸੁ ਭਾਖਿ ਹੋਂ ॥ ਕਿਸੂ ਨ ਕਾਨ ਰਾਖਿ ਹੋਂ ॥
ਕਿਸੂ ਨ ਭੇਖ ਭੀਜ ਹੋਂ ॥ ਅਲੇਖ ਬੀਜ ਬੀਜ ਹੋਂ ॥ 34॥
ਪਖਾਣ ਪੂਜ ਹੋਂ ਨਹੀਂ ॥ ਨ ਭੇਖ ਭੀਜ ਹੋ ਕਹੀਂ ॥
ਅਨੰਤ ਨਾਮੁ ਗਾਇ ਹੋਂ ॥ ਪਰੱਮ ਪੁਰਖ ਪਾਇ ਹੋਂ ॥35॥
ਜਟਾ ਨ ਸੀਸ ਧਾਰਿਹੋਂ ॥ ਨ ਮੁੰਦ੍ਰਕਾ ਸੁਧਾਰਿਹੋਂ ॥
ਨ ਕਾਨ ਕਾਹੂ ਕੀ ਧਰੋਂ ॥ ਕਹਿਓ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਸੁ ਮੈ ਕਰੋਂ ॥ 36॥
ਭਜੋਂ ਸੁ ਏਕ ਨਾਮਯੰ ॥ ਜੁ ਕਾਮ ਸਰਬ ਠਾਮਯੰ ॥
ਨ ਜਾਪ ਆਨ ਕੋ ਜਪੋ ॥ ਨ ਅਉਰ ਥਾਪਨਾ ਥਪੋ ॥ 37॥
ਬਿਅੰਤ ਨਾਮ ਧਿਆਇ ਹੋਂ ॥ ਪਰਮ ਜੋਤਿ ਪਾਇ ਹੋਂ ॥
ਨ ਧਿਆਨ ਆਨ ਕੋ ਧਰੋਂ ॥ ਨ ਨਾਮ ਆਨ ਉਚਰੋਂ ॥ 38॥
ਤਵੱਕ ਨਾਮ ਰੱਤਿਯੰ ॥ ਨ ਆਨ ਮਾਨ ਮੱਤਿਯੰ ॥
ਪਰੱਮ ਧਿਆਨ ਧਾਰੀਯੰ ॥ ਅਨੰਤ ਪਾਪ ਟਾਰੀਯੰ ॥ 39॥
ਤੁਮੇਵ ਰੂਪ ਰਾਚਿਯੰ ॥ ਨ ਆਨ ਦਾਨ ਮਾਚਿਯੰ ॥
ਤਵੱਕ ਨਾਮ ਉਚਾਰਿਯੰ ॥ ਅਨੰਤ ਦੂਖ ਟਾਰਿਯੰ ॥ 40॥ ji

These words of Sri Guru Gobind Singh  Maharaj  clearly define Faith and Loyalty of Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj, which is for ONE Akaal Purakh Waheguru and NO one else. Guru Gobind Singh ji Maharaj was Tenth Nanak and there is NO way Dasam Nanak would go against Sidhant of ‘Ik Oankaar’ and worship false Devis and Devtas whose worship has been clearly denounced in Baani of Guru Granth Sahib ji and Sri Dasam Granth Sahib.

Saakhi of Havan and Devi Pargat –

Guru Gobind Singh ji maharaj, before creation of Khalsa Panth tested Brahmins, Jogis and Masands at Sri Anandpur Sahib. In Itihaas, it is stated that Maharaj tested Brahmins twice and Masands thrice. Jogis were tested once and rejected as fake.
First test was done at Parbat of Naina Devi where a Havan was held by Pandits (led by Kesho Daas or Devi Daas or Kaalka Daas, as names are different in all texts). Pandits had asked Maharaj to hold a Havan as that would make Devi Durga appear and bless Maharaj with Shakti from to destroy Mughals from this planet. Guru ji understood the slave mentality of Pandits and to expose them, agreed to hold the Havan. Nine Months passed but NO Devi appeared. At last Guru ji asked the Mukhi Pandit the reason for Devi not appearing, to which pandit replied that Devi needs blood of a Holy Being, probably your Eldest Son Baba Ajit Singh and then she would appear.( Pandit said these words thinking that Guruji would refuse giving his Son’s life and we will put the blame for Devi not appearing on Guruji)

   But Dasam Patshah smiled and replied, Pandit ji, tell me, who is more Holy and Pious than you? Lets give your Bali (sacrifice ) to Devi and when she appears, first thing I’ll ask her would be to revive you, give your life back. Pandit shivered with fear and started fumbling. Next minute he said to Maharaj ,’ I need to go for nature’s call and then I’ll return after Bath’’. Guruji let him go. Pandit ji and his Chele ran away from the Havan spot and never returned. When they didn’t return after some time, Guruji understood that Pandits have run away. Guruji ordered Singhs present to put all the Havan Samgari( Material used for Havan like Ghee, Woods, chandan kapoor etc.) into Havan Fire altogether. Singhs did this and a Large Flame of Fire rose from Havan Kund( due to all Samagri being thrown in fire at once). Guruji, in his Bir-Ras Form stood near the Fire and took out His Sword (which was called Sri Sahib) and rose it. People came running seeing the flame and asked Guruji, Maharaj, Has the Devi appeared? Guruji replied in Bir-Ras, Yes, and looking at his sword said ‘’ This is the Chandi , This is real Durga which vanquishes enemies in battlefield, this is the Kaalka which drinks blood of enemies and destroys them. This is the Bhagauti which protects Dharam and destroys evil’’.

Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj understood the slave and weak mentality of Brahmins and Hindus as whole and knew that from last 800 years, Hindus have been waiting for some Devi-Devta to appear and fight for them. But Maharaj knew that to attain freedom, to get Justice, to create Raaj of Dharam, Warriors have to fight in battlefields, blood has to be shed and Warriors have to undergo Pain and suffering and only then can freedom be achieved. Until common man does not takes up arms and fights for his rights and freedom in battlefield, NO Freedom can be achieved. Therefore Guruji rejected Hindu idea of Devi Pargat and declared His Kirpaan, The Sword as Supreme Devi (Sri Sahib) which would bring Victory. 

This Saakhi has been given in this form in these Granths -
Tawarikh Guru Khalsa- Giani Gian Singh ji
Kalgidhar Chamatkaar –Bhai Vir Singh ji
Mahaan Kosh – Bhai Kahan Singh Nabha

( In all other Historical texts, only thing which is common is the fact that havan was done, but later story of Durga appearing and giving some Boon to Maharaj is entirely different. Some writers have said that Guruji fainted seeing Chandi , others say He closed his eyes, some say they cannot confirm IF Devi appeared but have written it as they heard from someone. So this fact itself proves that Devi didn’t appear but Havan was organized. Second thing which has to be kept in Mind is that texts written 45 years within Guru Gobind Singh ji went to sachkhand like Sri Gur Sobha and Vaar Sri Bhagauti ki(Bhai Gurdas Singh) DO NOT mention Devi Pargat incident, but which were written after 1753AD start the trend, in different ways although. This led to Saakhi of Guru ji cutting Goats during Vaisakhi of 1699 which later turned into Nang tradition of Chatka, Chandi Pooja and Shastar Tilak, which is in itself a Shaktik Hindu concept and Ritual and has got nothing to do with Sikh Spiritualism).

Gursikhs, taking inspiration from Baani of Aad Gurus and Dasam Guruji took up arms and fought a bloody war of 70 years and at last, freed Punjab and whole of North India from clutches of foreign invaders. If they also had waited for Chandi or Durga to appear like Hindus were waiting, India would have still been a Slave of Muslims.

Some quotes from Aad Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji Maharaj regarding worship of Devis and Devtas.

ਦੇਵੀ ਦੇਵਾ ਮੂਲੁ ਹੈ ਮਾਇਆ ॥
ਸਿੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਿ ਸਾਸਤ ਜਿੰਨਿ ਉਪਾਇਆ ॥
ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਪਸਰਿਆ ਸੰਸਾਰੇ ਆਇ ਜਾਇ ਦੁਖੁ ਪਾਵਣਿਆ ॥2॥
The source, the root, of the gods and goddesses is Maya.
For them, the Simritees and the Shaastras were composed.
Sexual desire and anger are diffused throughout the universe. Coming and going, people suffer in pain. ||2||

ਗੋਂਡ ॥
ਭੈਰਉ ਭੂਤ ਸੀਤਲਾ ਧਾਵੈ ॥
ਖਰ ਬਾਹਨੁ ਉਹੁ ਛਾਰੁ ਉਡਾਵੈ ॥1॥
ਹਉ ਤਉ ਏਕੁ ਰਮਈਆ ਲੈਹਉ ॥
ਆਨ ਦੇਵ ਬਦਲਾਵਨਿ ਦੈਹਉ ॥1॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
ਸਿਵ ਸਿਵ ਕਰਤੇ ਜੋ ਨਰੁ ਧਿਆਵੈ ॥
ਬਰਦ ਚਢੇ ਡਉਰੂ ਢਮਕਾਵੈ ॥2॥
ਮਹਾ ਮਾਈ ਕੀ ਪੂਜਾ ਕਰੈ ॥
ਨਰ ਸੈ ਨਾਰਿ ਹੋਇ ਅਉਤਰੈ ॥3॥
ਤੂ ਕਹੀਅਤ ਹੀ ਆਦਿ ਭਵਾਨੀ ॥
ਮੁਕਤਿ ਕੀ ਬਰੀਆ ਕਹਾ ਛਪਾਨੀ ॥4॥
ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਗਹੁ ਮੀਤਾ ॥
ਪ੍ਰਣਵੈ ਨਾਮਾ ਇਉ ਕਹੈ ਗੀਤਾ ॥5॥2॥6॥
One who chases after the god Bhairau, evil spirits and the goddess of smallpox,
is riding on a donkey, kicking up the dust. ||1||
I take only the Name of the One Lord.
I have given away all other gods in exchange for Him. ||1||Pause||
That man who chants ""Shiva, Shiva"", and meditates on him,
is riding on a bull, shaking a tambourine. ||2||
One who worships the Great Goddess Maya
will be reincarnated as a woman, and not a man. ||3||
You are called the Primal Goddess.
At the time of liberation, where will you hide then? ||4||
Follow the Guru's Teachings, and hold tight to the Lord's Name, O friend.
Thus prays Naam Dayv, and so says the Gita as well. ||5||2||6||

ਰਾਮਕਲੀ ਮਹਲਾ 5 ॥
ਮਹਿਮਾ ਨ ਜਾਨਹਿ ਬੇਦ ॥
ਬ੍ਰਹਮੇ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਨਹਿ ਭੇਦ ॥
ਅਵਤਾਰ ਨ ਜਾਨਹਿ ਅੰਤੁ ॥
ਪਰਮੇਸਰੁ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਬੇਅੰਤੁ ॥1॥
ਅਪਨੀ ਗਤਿ ਆਪਿ ਜਾਨੈ ॥
ਸੁਣਿ ਸੁਣਿ ਅਵਰ ਵਖਾਨੈ ॥1॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
ਸੰਕਰਾ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਨਹਿ ਭੇਵ ॥
ਖੋਜਤ ਹਾਰੇ ਦੇਵ ॥
ਦੇਵੀਆ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਨੈ ਮਰਮ ॥
ਸਭ ਊਪਰਿ ਅਲਖ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ॥2॥
ਅਪਨੈ ਰੰਗਿ ਕਰਤਾ ਕੇਲ ॥
ਆਪਿ ਬਿਛੋਰੈ ਆਪੇ ਮੇਲ ॥
ਇਕਿ ਭਰਮੇ ਇਕਿ ਭਗਤੀ ਲਾਏ ॥
ਅਪਣਾ ਕੀਆ ਆਪਿ ਜਣਾਏ ॥3॥
ਸੰਤਨ ਕੀ ਸੁਣਿ ਸਾਚੀ ਸਾਖੀ ॥
ਸੋ ਬੋਲਹਿ ਜੋ ਪੇਖਹਿ ਆਖੀ ॥
ਨਹੀ ਲੇਪੁ ਤਿਸੁ ਪੁੰਨਿ ਨ ਪਾਪਿ ॥
ਨਾਨਕ ਕਾ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਆਪੇ ਆਪਿ ॥4॥25॥36॥
Raamkalee, Fifth Mehl:
The Vedas do not know His greatness.
Brahma does not know His mystery.
Incarnated beings do not know His limit.
The Transcendent Lord, the Supreme Lord God, is infinite. ||1||
Only He Himself knows His own state.
Others speak of Him only by hearsay. ||1||Pause||
Shiva does not know His mystery.
The gods gave grown weary of searching for Him.
The goddesses do not know His mystery.
Above all is the unseen, Supreme Lord God. ||2||
The Creator Lord plays His own plays.
He Himself separates, and He Himself unites.
Some wander around, while others are linked to His devotional worship.
By His actions, He makes Himself known. ||3||
Listen to the true story of the Saints.
They speak only of what they see with their eyes.
He is not involved with virtue or vice.
Nanak's God is Himself all-in-all. ||4||25||36||

Sri Akaal ji Sahai

Posted by Kamaljeet Singh Shaheedsar on Tuesday, May 24. 2011 in History

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